Learn about JIUCE latest company developments and industry information

Earth Leakage Circuit Breaker (ELCB)

Jiuce electric


JCB3LM-80 4P 右侧面

In the field of electrical safety, one of the key devices used is the Earth Leakage Circuit Breaker (ELCB). This important safety device is designed to prevent shock and electrical fires by monitoring the current flowing through a circuit and shutting it down when dangerous voltages are detected. In this blog, we will take a closer look at what ELCB is and how it keeps us safe.

ELCB is a safety device used to install electrical equipment with high ground impedance to avoid electric shock. It works by identifying small stray voltages from electrical equipment on metal enclosures and interrupting the circuit when dangerous voltages are detected. Its main purpose is to prevent people and animals from being harmed by electric shock.

The working principle of ELCB is very simple. It monitors the current imbalance between the phase conductors and the neutral conductor. Normally, the current flowing through the phase conductors and the current flowing through the neutral conductor should be equal. However, if a fault occurs, such as due to faulty wiring or insulation that causes current to leak to ground, an imbalance will occur. The ELCB detects this imbalance and quickly cuts the power supply to prevent any damage.


JCB3LM-80 3P右侧面


There are two types of ELCBs: voltage-operated ELCBs and current-operated ELCBs. Voltage-operated ELCBs work by comparing the input and output currents, while current-operated ELCBs use a toroidal transformer to detect any imbalance in the current flowing through the phase and neutral conductors. Both types effectively detect and respond to dangerous electrical faults.

It is important to note that ELCBs differ from traditional circuit breakers, which are designed to protect against overloads and short circuits. While circuit breakers may not always detect low-level faults, ELCBs are specifically designed to respond to small stray voltages and protect against electric shock.

In summary, an earth leakage circuit breaker (ELCB) is an important safety device that plays a key role in preventing electric shock and electrical fires. By monitoring the current flow and responding to any imbalance or fault, the ELCB is able to quickly shut down power and prevent any potential harm to humans and animals. As we continue to prioritize safety at home and in the workplace, it is vital to understand the importance of ELCBs and how they work.

Message us

You May Also Like